How Abdominal Massage Help Relieve Constipation?

How Abdominal Massage Help Relieve Constipation?
© Iuliia Kryvko/istock

From Verywell Health

Constipation is usually defined as having a bowel movement fewer than three times per week.

In addition to stress, certain lifestyle issues can lead to constipation. These include eating a low-fiber diet, not getting enough exercise, and not drinking enough water. Many people also experience constipation while traveling.

  

Research on Massage and Constipation


Even though massage isn’t a standard treatment for constipation, some scientific research shows that it may help in restoring regularity.

For example, a report published in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies in 2011 reviewed a number of clinical trials focusing on abdominal massage and its use as a treatment for chronic constipation. The results showed that abdominal massage may provide constipation relief in part by promoting peristalsis (a series of wave-like muscle contractions that help move food through your digestive tract).

That same report also found that abdominal massage may help lessen colonic transit time, which is the amount of time it takes digested food to pass through your colon (i.e., the last segment of your digestive tract). In addition, the report determined that abdominal massage can help alleviate constipation-related pain and discomfort.  
In clinical trials, people with constipation have also reported improvements in their quality of life after using an abdominal massage. However, some research (including a small clinical trial published in the International Journal of Nursing Studies in 2009) suggests that using abdominal massage for constipation relief isn’t likely to lead to a decrease in the use of laxatives (the most commonly used treatment for constipation). 

© Iuliia Kryvko/istock | Abdominal massage help relieve constipation


How to Use Massage for Constipation Relief

Several massage techniques may be helpful in relieving constipation and promoting bowel movements. These are generally performed while lying down.

One popular technique involves placing your palm on your abdomen and then making small, circular, clockwise motions around your belly button. You can also widen these circles as you go, so that the massage covers your entire abdomen.

Another technique begins by placing your hand below your breastbone, then gliding that hand down the length of your abdomen in one smooth stroke. Immediately repeat the movement with your other hand, and continue this cycle for several minutes.

When practicing self-massage, start out by using light, gentle pressure, then gradually increase the pressure as you go along. If you experience pain or tenderness, however, it’s important to lighten up and return to a comfortable level of pressure.

To reap the full benefits of abdominal massage, try performing massage two times a day, aiming for a 20-minute session each time.

Incorporating deep breathing into each session may also help when using self-massage for constipation relief.

Before giving massage or any other home remedy a try, it's always a good idea to discuss it with your doctor to see if it's appropriate rather than attempting to self-treat. Pregnant women, for example, should avoid any type of massage on their abdomen. It should also be noted that constipation can sometimes signal an underlying health condition that requires medical treatment, such as an underactive thyroid. Other symptoms like abdominal pain may be present, but sometimes constipation may be the only symptom.


Other Ways to Relieve Constipation

Keep in mind that self-massage alone isn’t likely to treat constipation, and the goal should be to improve overall digestion to keep things running smoothly. To stay regular, it’s essential to drink at least eight glasses of water each day, eat plenty of fiber-rich foods, and exercise regularly.

Several other alternative treatments may help fight constipation. These treatments include therapies like acupressure and biofeedback, as well as natural remedies like probiotics. There are other natural constipation remedies available, but before trying any, consult your medical caregiver for advice.

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